Purpose of the APRM
The African Peer Review Mechanism is an important undertaking for Africa and its people. Its main purpose is to bring about positive change by encouraging the adoption of policies, standards and practices that will bring political stability, economic growth and sustainable development. The APRM encourages Africa and Africans, to adopt a culture of accountability and provides a means of addressing issues that can effect good governance such as corruption and misplaced priorities.
The APRM is concerned with all areas of society and good governace, but in particular the following four areas:
- Democracy and Good Political Governance
- Economic Governance & Management
- Corporate Governance
- Socio-economic Development
Participation in the APRM is voluntary; a country must volunteer to be reviewed by signing a Memorandum of Understanding. In the APRM base documents this is termed ‘Voluntary Accession’.
For the APRM to be effective, it requires the participation of all stakeholders in the country, including government, political parties, parliament, NGOs, private sector, academia, women’s groups, trade unions and the community. This is because development of a country does not rest with the government alone; its citizens must actively participate to ensure the change they want to see.
A key benefit of the APRM is that it allows participating countries to not only take account of their own policies and pracitices, and monitor progress towards improvements but also to learn from other African countries that have successfully implemented policies that have driven their growth.
The APRM enhances Africa's ownership of its own development agenda and process.