History of the APRM
The origins of the APRM can be traced to the year 2001. In July of that year at the 37th Summit of the Organisation of African Unity (now the African Union) held in Lusaka, the Head of State and Government of the member states of the AU set out a new vision for the development of Africa, the
New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).
NEPAD's main objectives were outlined as:
- Eradicate Poverty
- Promote sustainable economic growth
- Help intergrate Africa into the global economy
- Promote gender equity and women's empowerment
In order to reach these objectives, good governance was identified as a fundamental requirement. On 8th July 2002, at the Assembly of the Heads of State and Government of the African Union, African leaders adopted the
NEPAD Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance.
The NEPAD Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance places emphasis on democracy, human rights, free, fair and regular elections, transparency and accountability in both public and private sector among others.
Article 28 of the Declaration provides:
‘For the establishment of an African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) on the basis of voluntary accession. It is the task of the APRM to promote adherence to and fulfilment of the commitments contained in the Declaration.’
African Leaders also agreed that participation in the APRM would be voluntary and based on mutually agreed codes and standards of democracy, political, economic and corporate governance.
Zambia acceded to the APRM on 22nd January 2006 at the African Union Summit Held in Khartoum, Sudan.